An article I wrote for Sareoso.
“Lehenagoko eüskaldünek gizona hartzetik jiten zela sinhesten zizien.
Basques used to believe that humans descended from bears.”
This interesting quotation sets the scene for a study of bear lore in the Basque areas of the Spanish and French Pyrenees. 
As late as the 18th century, hundreds of bears lived in the mountains of Europe, but by 1920 only about 200 were left, in the Pyrenean mountains. The last bear of this Pyrenean strain of brown bears was shot by a hunter in November 2004. 
Female Brown Bear and Cubs
The bear is represented in the rich Carnival tradition of the Basque villages of Ituren and Zubieta, which are usually held around the end of January. In the carnival, a bear figure joins the bell-carrying Joaldunak, and the author of the study suggests that even the style of motion and sounds made by the Joaldunak are reminiscent of a bear.
The chained bear (hartza) and…
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